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Two more from Kerala with Nipah virus symptoms

Two more from Kerala with Nipah virus symptoms
Kozhikode: Medical staff wear protective suit to avoid contacting Nipah virus that has claimed 12 lives in Kerala till now, in Kozhikode on May 25, 2018. (Photo: IANS)

September 5

Two more people were identified with symptoms of Nipah virus, said Kerala health minister Veena George on Sunday. Both were healthcare workers who were in contacts of the 12-year-old boy who died from the disease.

The Central team immediately rushed to the state to provide technical support.

Kerala is currently the worst affected State in India. It is the State which has reported maximum cases on Sunday. More than 29,000 Covid-19 cases were found in Kerala only. Another virus hits the State. Again Nipah Virus disturbs the scenario.

Earlier in 2018, there was an outbreak of the disease in Kozhikode & Malappuram districts of the state. 17 people succumbed to the disease.

As per WHO, Nipah virus (NiV) is a zoonotic virus (it is transmitted from animals to humans) and can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between people.

Also Read: A Boy of 12 yr old dies of Nipah Virus in Kerala

In infected people, it causes a range of illnesses from asymptomatic (subclinical) infection to acute respiratory illness and fatal encephalitis. The virus can also cause severe disease in animals such as pigs, resulting in significant economic losses for farmers.

As per World Health Organization, ‘Human infections range from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory infection (mild, severe), and fatal encephalitis’.

‘Infected people initially develop symptoms including fever, headaches, myalgia (muscle pain), vomiting and sore throat. This can be followed by dizziness, drowsiness, altered consciousness, and neurological signs that indicate acute encephalitis. Some people can also experience atypical pneumonia and severe respiratory problems, including acute respiratory distress. Encephalitis and seizures occur in severe cases, progressing to coma within 24 to 48 hours’, WHO said.

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